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Lanarkshire Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA)

MAPPA Annual Report 2021

Scotland’s Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements represent a successful, working example of inter-agency co-operation for identifying, assessing and managing the risks presented by high risk individuals.

Overview

  • The report provides tangible evidence that Scotland’s responsible authorities continue to deliver a comprehensive response to a complex and sensitive issue, using professional judgment to properly target resources to the key risks.
  • The report also provides a clear indication of the commitment, skills and achievements of those professionals who work tirelessly to ensure the protection of the public and the reduction in re-offending is kept at the forefront of their work.
  • While we can never eliminate risk entirely, we aim to do everything that can reasonably be done to protect the public.
  • Accordingly, all agencies involved constantly keep their procedures under review to ensure that we build on the lessons learned from reviews of cases of re-offending under supervision.

Sexual crime

  • The National Statistics on Recorded Crime in Scotland, 2020-21, published in September 2021, illustrated that sexual crimes accounted for 5% of all crimes recorded in Scotland in 2020-21.  The report states that sexual crimes recorded by the police fell in 2020-21, down by 2% from 13,364 to 13,131.
  • We want victims to have the confidence to report these crimes – more reporting means more people can access Justice. This is why we strengthened the law by bringing in the Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2009. The introduction of the Abusive Behaviour and Sexual Harm Act 2016 has also reformed the law in relation to acts of harassment and sexual offending.

Management of Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs)

  • The public can be reassured that every effort is being made to minimise the risks posed by RSOs, who are subject to professional risk assessment and management planning with the greatest resources put towards those who present the highest risk to the public.
  • 95% of RSOs complied with the notification requirements with the authorities taking a zero-tolerance approach reporting non-compliance to the Procurator Fiscal.
  • The proportion of RSOs who have been convicted of a further Group 1 or 2 (violent/sexual) crime has decreased very slightly in the last year (96 in 2020-2021 compared to 97 in 2019-2020). 
  • This decrease is welcome and is due in part to proactive policing and effective policing and management of RSOs.by partner agencies.
  • Work within MAPPA may result, for example, in increased police monitoring, special provision for victim protection, the provision of information to employers, providers of children’s services, close supervision, and appropriate accommodation.  The overall effect is more comprehensive risk assessment and more robust risk management planning.

Significant Case Review processes

  • When individuals managed under MAPPA commit further serious crimes, we have in place a significant case review process to examine the management and arrangements for the offender and identify areas of learning and improvement for future policy and practice.
  • With our MAPPA partners, we carefully consider review recommendations and take forward any agreed actions in discussion with the MAPPA National Strategic Group.

Sex Offender Community Disclosure Scheme (Keeping Children Safe)

  • The creation of the online application form under the existing Sex Offender Community Disclosure Scheme continues to improve accessibility for an initial application to be made under the Scheme.
  • The online application form is available on the Police Scotland website and allows any member of the public to apply directly if they have a concern about a person’s access or contact with a child.
  • The community disclosure scheme gives parents; carers or guardians a more formal mechanism for requesting information about someone involved in their family life, specifically if they are concerned that the person might be a child sexual offender.
  • The Scheme also provides for any other person who is concerned about a person’s access to someone else’s child to apply albeit only the parent; carer or guardian can be given information under the Scheme.
  • If the person subject of the application has been convicted of a sexual offence against a child; has a conviction for, or information is held which is assessed may put a child’s safety at risk, then consideration must be given to share information with the parent; carer or guardian which is necessary and proportionate to enable them to protect the child. For the purposes of the Scheme, a child is under 18 years of age.
  • Members of the public are notified that the online application will generate a proportionate and timely response. The online form makes it clear if they have any concerns about a child’s safety or wellbeing they should contact their local social work services or Police Scotland on 101 or if they suspect a child is in immediate danger they should call 999.

Page last updated:
05 Nov 2021

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